10 Hiking Mistakes Beginners Always Make

Hiking is an exhilarating experience that connects us with nature and challenges our physical and mental endurance. However, for beginners, the adventure can quickly turn sour if they’re not adequately prepared. Here are ten common mistakes that hiking novices often make, and how to avoid them.

Underestimating the Trail

Many beginners choose trails beyond their fitness level or underestimate the time it takes to complete a hike. Research the trail beforehand, understand its difficulty level, and realistically assess your fitness. Start with shorter, less challenging trails and gradually work your way up.

Inadequate Hydration and Nutrition

Failing to bring enough water and appropriate snacks can lead to dehydration and energy depletion. The rule of thumb is to carry at least half a liter of water per hour of hiking. Pack energy-rich foods like nuts, fruits, and energy bars to keep your energy levels up.

Wearing Inappropriate Footwear

Wearing the wrong shoes can lead to discomfort and injuries. Invest in a good pair of hiking boots that provide support, traction, and protection. Break them in before your hike to avoid blisters.

Ignoring Weather Conditions

Weather in the mountains can be unpredictable. Check the weather forecast before you set out and be prepared for sudden changes. Carry rain gear and extra layers to adapt to changing conditions.


Carrying too much can quickly drain your energy. Pack only the essentials – water, food, first aid kit, navigation tools, and weather-appropriate clothing. Learn to pack efficiently to reduce weight without sacrificing necessities.

Lack of Navigation Skills

Relying solely on cell phones for navigation is a common mistake. Batteries can die, and signal can be unreliable. Carry a map and compass and know how to use them. It’s also wise to inform someone about your hiking plan and expected return time.

Ignoring Leave No Trace Principles

Beginners often underestimate the importance of minimizing their impact on the environment. Stick to marked trails, carry out all your trash, and respect wildlife. Preserving nature ensures it can be enjoyed by others in the future.

Skipping Warm-Up and Cool-Down

Not warming up before a hike and cooling down afterwards can lead to muscle strains and fatigue. Spend a few minutes stretching to prepare your body for the physical activity and to wind down afterwards.

Neglecting Safety and First Aid

Many beginners are not prepared for emergencies. Carry a basic first aid kit and know the basics of first aid. Be aware of your surroundings and potential hazards like wildlife, unstable terrain, and weather changes.

Hiking Alone Without Proper Experience

While hiking alone can be a serene experience, it’s not advisable for beginners. Hike with a group or an experienced hiker until you’re confident in your abilities to navigate and handle emergencies.


Hiking is a rewarding activity, but it requires respect for nature and preparation. By avoiding these common mistakes, beginners can ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Remember, every expert hiker was once a beginner – it’s through making and learning from mistakes that we grow. So, lace up your boots, pack your bag, and embark on your hiking journey with confidence and respect for the great outdoors.